The various types of cardiac diseases are as follows:
1. Coronary heart disease
This disease refers to the failure of the coronary circulation to supply adequate circulation to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. Coronary heart disease is most commonly equated with coronary artery disease although coronary heart disease may be due to other causes, such as coronary vasospasm.
Cardiomyopathy literally means "heart muscle disease". It is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the heart muscle) for any reason, whatsoever. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of being attacked by arrhythmia or sudden cardiac death.
3. Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is one among a number of specific heart diseases that directly affects the heart or the blood vessel system, particularly the veins and arteries. The veins carry blood to the heart, whereas the arteries carry blood away from the heart. The associated causes of cardiovascular disease include diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
4. Ischemic heart disease
This heart condition also has direct repercussion on the heart that is characterized by reduced blood supply to the organs.
5. Heart failure
Heart failure, also called Congestive Heart Failure (or CHF), and Congestive Cardiac Failure (CCF), is a condition that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the heart to pump sufficient amount of blood throughout the body. Therefore, the body becomes incapable of functioning, resulting in heart failure.
6. Hypertensive heart disease
Hypertensive heart disease is a disease caused by high blood pressure, especially localized high blood pressure.
7. Inflammatory heart disease
Inflammatory heart disease involves inflammation of the heart muscle or the tissue surrounding it.
8. Valvular heart disease
Valvular heart disease is disease process that affects one or more valves of the heart. There are four major heart valves which may be affected by valvular heart disease, including the tricuspid and aortic valves in the right side of the heart, as well as the mistral and aortic valves on the left side of the heart.
While practising the heart exercise, make sure to include the heart attack exercise in your daily schedule. A proper planning and systematic approach to the heart exercise program can prevent the risk of heart attacks.
Healthy Heart Diet
A healthy heart necessitates a healthy diet. Identify those foods which are beneficial for the heart and include them as a part of your routine diet. Concurrently, inclusion of heart exercise in your daily schedule is important.
Regulate the Food Habits
1. Switch to lean meat and prepare them without added fat.
2. Use more of mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fat.
3. Use foods with low salt and try to add less salt while cooking.
4. Flavour foods with herbs, spices, lemon or limejuice, vinegar or salt free seasoning blends.
5. Consume semi-skimmed milk and its products
Foods to Avoid
1. Avoid beverages and fruit juices with added sugar.
2. Avoid full cream milk and dairy products like ghee, butter.
3. Avoid rich, spicy, oily foods, egg yolk, saturated fat.
4. Avoid foods that have partially hydrogenated oils to reduce the trans-fat.
5. Avoid processed foods as much as you can.
6. Limit the use of condiments such as mustard, pickles and salted sauces.
7. Avoid foods, which have low nutrition value like sodas and fast foods.
8. Avoid alcohol.